This article is part of Endurance Planet’s ultrarunning article series. If you have questions, comments or feedback about “Lower Back Pain and Running an Ultra”, please leave it below in the comments section…
Lower back pain can happen whether it’s just regular daily activities or the intense training and competition of an ultramarathon. More often than not the problem for ultrarunners is poor posture. Some practitioners of this extremely challenging sport just aren’t conscious and don’t notice how far their spines bend backwards when running.
Admittedly, the resulting fatigue involved in running all those miles can easily make one lose focus. It’s hard to worry about running form when you’re also dealing with thirst, hunger, and all the other aches that come with an ultramarathon. But without proper form weight doesn’t get distributed evenly and the lower back gets more load than it should carry. Naturally that part of your body is going to complain.
Stabilizing and mobilizing muscles
Poor posture is often the result of weak core muscles – those groups in your abdomen, hips and back. Because certain sports involve only a particular range of movements, some muscle groups get more developed than others. This muscle imbalance can easily lead to improper movement and form. To better understand this, you can divide your muscles into two general kinds, those that help you move and those that help you control movement. A well-developed example of mobilizing muscles in runners is the hamstring, while the iliotibial band is an example of a stabilizing muscle.
Mobilizing muscles are unavoidably built up in the course of training. It’s the stabilizing ones that are sometimes taken for granted. In terms of the lower back, some of the muscles you ought to focus on strengthening are the transverse abdominals, multifidus, and pelvic floor. These three are known to support the spine and with more strength can be developed to reduce excessive movement of that particular body part and area. The glutes are said to be important as well as they help keep the pelvis steady especially when bearing weight only on one leg – the actual state that occurs with every foot strike. A steady pelvis is a stable and supportive platform for your lower back.
Strength building and coordination
You probably won’t find a lack of materials and references when it comes to strengthening core muscles, from the standard crunches for the abdomen to the more inventive ones that are meant to build up the glutes. There is a recent study however from the University of Copenhagen that proposes coordination be developed alongside muscle strength.
Having stronger stabilizing muscles increase the capacity to maintain better posture and efficient movements but according to the Copenhagen study that may not be the only way to achieve optimum biomechanics. The researchers divided the volunteers, all of whom have experienced lower back pain, into two groups. One group did the typical strength and endurance exercises for the lower back. The other group carried out special coordination exercises. After the set 3-month period, both groups were asked to accomplish a certain series of workouts that would test their backs. There were no significant differences in performance between the strength-trained group and the one trained in enhanced coordination. Strength may but will not always lead to better movement. You can develop agility in parallel and still save your lower back from pain.
Do you have questions about managing lower back pain, or what you’ve read so far? Do you have any ultrarunning pointers of your own to add? Please leave your feedback, comments and questions below, and we promise we’ll respond.